Chinese HSK2 Grammar Points


This is the first installment in a series of important beginning grammar constructs in Mandarin. I write for beginning learners like myself who are trying to get the best return on their time as they begin the learning process. 谢谢阅读。

Mei2 You3 没有

没 + 有 (+ Obj.)

Nearly all verbs can be negated with 不 (bù). The verb 有 (yǒu) is an exception, and must be negated with 没 (méi). Also anything that happens in the past must use méi instead of bù.

Examples -

  1. 我们 在 北京 没 有 房子。

Wǒmen zài Běijīng méi yǒu fángzi.

We don’t have a house in Beijing.

2. 我没记住

Wǒ méi jìzhu.

I don’t remember.

3. 你 爸爸 没 有 手机 吗?

Nǐ bàba méi yǒu shǒujī ma?

Your dad doesn’t have a cell phone?

Dou1 都 for “all”

Subject + 都 + [Verb Phrase]

Examples -

  1. 我们 都 要 冰水。

Wǒmen dōu yào bīngshuǐ .

We all want iced water.

2. 他们 都 在 上海 。

Tāmen dōu zài Shànghǎi.

We are all in Shanghai.

Ye3也 for “also”

也 with Verb Phrases/ Adjectives

1. 我也不知道。

Wǒ yě bù zhīdao.

I don’t know either.

2。 昨天很冷,今天也很冷。

Zuótiān hěn lěng, jīntiān yě hěn lěng.

Yesterday was cold, and today is also cold.

Thanks for reading — if you think of more grammar points that you would like to see here please let me know!



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