Chinese HSK2 Grammar Points

沉思😔

Locations with zài(在)

The verb 在 (zài) expresses existence in a location, similar to how we say in English, “to be at” or “to be in.”

Subj + 在 + location

In english we use the verb “to be” for location, but Mandarin speakers have a separate verb for existence in a place. You will see 在 used in countless Chinese grammar structures.

Examples:

  1. 我在美国

Wǒ zài měiguó

I am in America

2. 他在上海

Tā zài shànghǎi

He is in Shanghai

3. 他们现在在学校

Tāmen xiànzài zài xuéxiào

They are in school right now

4. 你们 明天 在 北京 吗?

Nǐ míngtiān zài Běijīng ma?

Are you in Beijing tomorrow?

“To have” or “there is” using yǒu(有)

有 (yǒu) can mean “to have,” and it’s also used to say “there is” or “there are.” This grammar structure can exist alone or with the verb li3 (里) for inside.

Subj + 有 + obj — to have

Examples

1.他 有 女 朋友 吗?

Tā yǒu nǚpéngyou ma?

Does he have a girlfriend?

2. 她 没 有 车。

Tā méi yǒu chē.

She doesn’t have a car.

Location + 有 + obj — there is

Examples

1.你 家 有 啤酒 吗?

Nǐ jiā yǒu píjiǔ ma?

Is there beer in your house?

2.中国有很多日本人

Zhōngguó yǒu hěnduō rìběn rén

There are many Japanese people in China

Location + 里 + 有 + obj — there is (inside)

Examples

1.我的客厅里有我的狗

Wǒ de kètīng li yǒu wǒ de gǒu

My dog is in my living room.

2. 你的浴室里有厕所

Nǐ de yùshì li yǒu cèsuǒ

There is a toilet in your bathroom.

Resources https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Expressing_existence_in_a_place_with_%22zai%22

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