Chinese HSK2 Grammar Points

Using zài 在 and yǒu 有

沉思😔

Locations with zài(在)

The verb 在 (zài) expresses existence in a location, similar to how we say in English, “to be at” or “to be in.”

Subj + 在 + location

In english we use the verb “to be” for location, but Mandarin speakers have a separate verb for existence in a place. You will see 在 used in countless Chinese grammar structures.

Examples:

  1. 我在美国

Wǒ zài měiguó

I am in America

2. 他在上海

Tā zài shànghǎi

He is in Shanghai

3. 他们现在在学校

Tāmen xiànzài zài xuéxiào

They are in school right now

4. 你们 明天 在 北京 吗?

Nǐ míngtiān zài Běijīng ma?

Are you in Beijing tomorrow?

“To have” or “there is” using yǒu(有)

(yǒu) can mean “to have,” and it’s also used to say “there is” or “there are.” This grammar structure can exist alone or with the verb li3 (里) for inside.

Subj + 有 + obj — to have

Examples

1.他 有 女 朋友 吗?

Tā yǒu nǚpéngyou ma?

Does he have a girlfriend?

2. 她 没 有 车。

Tā méi yǒu chē.

She doesn’t have a car.

Location + 有 + obj — there is

Examples

1.你 家 有 啤酒 吗?

Nǐ jiā yǒu píjiǔ ma?

Is there beer in your house?

2.中国有很多日本人

Zhōngguó yǒu hěnduō rìběn rén

There are many Japanese people in China

Location + 里 + 有 + obj — there is (inside)

Examples

1.我的客厅里有我的狗

Wǒ de kètīng li yǒu wǒ de gǒu

My dog is in my living room.

2. 你的浴室里有厕所

Nǐ de yùshì li yǒu cèsuǒ

There is a toilet in your bathroom.

Resources https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Expressing_existence_in_a_place_with_%22zai%22

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Product Manager + Software Developer. Interested in Travel, Culture, and the Internet.