Chinese HSK 4 Grammar Points

Expressing “Again” in the future with “Zai”

沉思😔

When you talk about actions in the past, you will generally use “Yòu” (又) but to express actions that will happen in the future, you will generally want to use Zài (再). This is different than English, where the word again can be used for repeated actions regardless of the time of that action.

For example, to translate the sentence “we went to Spain again” into Chinese you will need to use yòu(Wǒmen yòu qù xībānyále — 我们又去西班牙了). But to express “we we are going to Spain again”, you would need to use zài (Wǒmen zài yào qù xībānyá 我们再要去西班牙).

For Example:

他们要去那家餐厅。

Tāmen yào zài qù nà jiā cāntīng

They are going to that restaurant again.

OR

今天我们要说话。

Jīntiān wǒmen yào zài shuōhuà

Today we have to talk again.

OR

要不要试一下?

Yào bù yào zài shì yīxià?

Would you like to try it again?

To express this in english you can simply use the single word, but in Chinese you need to sandwich your action between zài and yībiàn, basically saying “again do that, one time”. The classic example is “can you say that again” 你可以一遍吗?

For Example:

你可以那里看一遍吗

PY

Can you look over there again?

OR

他不要一遍吉他。

Tā bùyào zài dàn yì biàn jítā.

He will not play guitar again。

“Zài can also be used to express “another” To order a glass of water, in English you would say “Can I have another glass of water” but in Chinese you will say Nǐ kěyǐ gěi wǒ zài yībēi shuǐ ma? 你可以给我再一杯水吗?

For Example:

我要吃一个苹果。

Wǒ yào chī zài yīgè píngguǒ.

I want to eat another apple.

OR

你再一次试试吧。

zài yīcì shì shì ba.

You should try another time.

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